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  1. Tree growth and habit
  2. The bud
  3. The flower
  4. The delicious fruit
  5. Cropping potential
     
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  Tree growth and habit
 
The cherimoya tree is fairly dense, low branched, somewhat shrubby or spreading, ranging from 5 to 9m in height. It can be quite easily kept to a smaller size by careful
pruning. Young trees will “harp”, forming opposite branches as a natural espalier. These can be pruned off to form a regular freestanding trunk. Growth is in one long burst after the leaves have fallen (about October or November). The roots commence as taproot, but the slow-growing root system is rather weak, superficial, and ungreedy. Young plants need staking.

Cherimoya have an unusually short period of dormancy in late spring when they lose their leaves from the top downwards over a period of about three weeks. As the lower branches are losing their leaves the buds at the top are already developing into new shoots. Leaf drop is necessary as new buds come from beneath the leaf petiole within the leaf scar and not the leaf axil like most trees.

The foliage
The attractive leaves are single and alternate along the branch. They are usually 10–25cm long and 7–15cm wide, dark green with prominent veins, slightly hairy on top and velvety green on the bottom. The leaves are briefly deciduous (just before spring flowering). New growth is recurved, like a fiddle-neck. New buds are hidden beneath the fleshy leaf petioles.
 
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Growing conditions Tree management  
Hand pollinating Propagation
Harvest to selling Ripening and eating
Varieties


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Last modified 21/11/02