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  1. Tree growth and habit
  2. The bud
  3. The flower
  4. The delicious fruit
  5. Cropping potential
     
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  The delicious fruit
 

The cherimoya is the finest fruit of all the Annona species and considered one of the most exquisite fruits in the world. Mark Twain once called cherimoya “deliciousness itself”.

Cherimoya are a special kind of fruit called a syncarpium, where several pistils are fused together and united into a single mass along a central receptacle. The primitive fruit form has spirally arranged carpels, resembling a raspberry, with each segment of flesh surrounding a single hard black seed. Fruit size is generally proportional to the number of seeds within.

The subacid flesh is creamy white, soft, juicy, sweet and very fragrant, with a custard-like consistency. The flavour is rich and aromatic, a blend of sweetness and mild acidity resembling a cross between banana, passionfruit, papaya and pineapple. “Melting” is the best way to describe the flesh of cherimoya as it literally does melt in the mouth. Try out some of the absolutely delicious eating ideas in the
“Ripening and eating” section

There are three cherimoya skin types
Impressa (smooth or slightly indented)
Tuberculate (has raised protuberances)
Intermediate (a combination of impressa and tuberculate).

picture showing the different cherimoya skin types
Tuberclate, intermediate and impressa skin types

Impressa has the best qualities for harvesting and handling compared with tuberculate fruit, which can be easily knocked or damaged causing unmarketable blemishes. Some varieties produce different skin types on the same tree or even on the same fruit.

New fruit developments

A rose coloured cherimoya
We are currently working on perfecting a cherimoya with rose coloured skin that appears to have more visually appeal in the European market. The fruit seed (now in its third generation) appears to stay true to type and is still producing perfect rose skinned fruit, with no loss in fruit quality or taste.

  A long cherimoya
Another product we’ve begun work on is a 25–30cm long, cucumber-shaped cherimoya. One tree we had produced ten or so of these mutated fruit, so we experimented and had a breakthrough when a tree only grew this shaped fruit. The next generation of fruit is true to type, has an exceptional taste and only 6 seeds per 100g of flesh.

rose coloured cherimoya
long cherimoyas

The results of our experiments: the rose coloured cherimoya and the long cucumber-shaped cherimoya

Both these new fruits are still in the developmental stages at the moment, but for the latest details and results see our
research notes.
 
Next
– the cropping potential of cherimoya

Growing conditions Tree management  
Hand pollinating Propagation
Harvest to selling Ripening and eating
Varieties


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Last modified 21/11/02